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2012, 2

Petukhova I. O. Experimental and Educational Ideas of I. Sikorsky

Petukhova I. O. , Associate Professor of the Psychology and Sociology Department of National University of State Tax Service of Ukraine.

Abstract
The analysis of the psychological and pedagogical heritage of I. Sikorsky presented in the article reveals the major views regarding the research into the child's personality. The author outlines the approaches that the scientist considered the most influential and weighty in the process of differentiation of the child's psychological make-up. The article also features a general description of I. Sikorsky's views on the causes of mental deviations.

Key words: working capacity, fatigability, intellectual work, methods of diagnostics, stages of development.

References

  1. Vrachebno-pedagogichesky institut dlya umstvenno nedorazvitykh, otstalykh I nervnykh detey, uchrezhdenny Olgoy i Yelenoy Sikorskoy v Kieve. Otchet o deyatelnosti za 1905 1906 gody. [Medical and Pedagogical Institution for Mentally Impaired, Retarded, and Anxious Children, founded by Olga and Yelena Sikorskiye in Kiev. Activity Report (1905 1906). Kiev: Litotipografiya tvorchestva I. I. Kushnarev i K. 1906. 57 p. (rus)
  2. Sikorsky I. Vospitaniye v vozraste pervogo detstva [Upbringing in Early Childhood ]. St. Petersburg. 1884. 203 p. (rus)
  3. Sikorsky I. Dusha rebenka [The Soul of a Child]. St. Petersburg. 1901. 104 p. (rus)
  4. Sikorsky I. Ob umstvennom trude i nravstvennom razvitii v svyazi s zdravoohraneniyem v sredney shkole [On Mental Labour and Moral Development in Relation to Health Care in Middle School]. Doshkolnoye vospitaniye. 1911. No. 1. Pp. 16 20. (rus)
  5. Sikorsky I. O. O yalkeniyakh utomleniya pri umstvennoy rabote u detey shkolnogo vozrasta [On the Phenomena of Exhaustion of School Children after Intellectual Activity]. Sbornik nauchno-literaturnykh statey po voprosam obshchestvennoy psikhologii, vospitaniya i nervno-psikhicheskoy gigieny v 5-ti knigah. Kiev: S. V. Shulzhenko Publishing House. 1990. Vol. 3. 42 p. (rus)
  6. Sikorsky I. Plan issledovaniya psikhicheskogo sostoyaniya detey [The Procedure for Studying the Psychological Condition of Children]. Doshkolnoye vospitaniye. 1912. No. 1. Pp. 2 14. (rus)
  7. Sikorsky I. Psikhologicheskoye znacheniye detstva i doshkolnogo perida [The Psychological Importance of Childhood and Preschool Period]. Doshkolnoye vospitaniye. 1911. No. 1. Pp. 6 8. (rus)
  8. Sikorsky I. Psikhologicheskiye osnovy vospitaniya i obucheniya [The Psychological Basics of Education]. The Speech of St. Vladimir University Psychiatry Professor I. Sokirsky made at the Solemn Meeting of the 2nd Convention of Psychiatrists in Kiev. Kiev: Kushnerev i K Publishing House. 1905. 28 p. (rus)

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